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Study shows value of breast cancer genetic test

Some New York women who are diagnosed with breast cancer may wonder whether they should make a decision about treatment based on whether they took a traditional test or a genetic test. In some cases, the traditional test might show that the risk of the cancer advancing is high while a genetic test might show that the risk is low. According to a study published on Aug. 24, the survival rate for women whose test results differ in this way are similar whether or not the women choose chemotherapy.The chance of survival after five years without metastasis for women whose genetic tests showed a low risk and who went through chemotherapy was 1.9 percentage points higher. However, this also means that around 35,000 women annually may go through unnecessary chemotherapy [...]

Study shows value of breast cancer genetic test2016-08-29T00:00:00+00:00

A brief history of the standardization of field sobriety tests

Field sobriety tests have become so commonplace that most residents of New York expect that police officers will perform at least one on individuals they believe are driving under the influence. These tests are meant to determine whether or not an individual is intoxicated. However, it wasn't until the mid-1970's that the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) decided to determine what field sobriety tests (if any at all) really might detect whether a person was driving while intoxicated (DWI).Before 1975, field sobriety tests performed were up to the individual officer administrating them based on mere anecdotal experience. The NHTSA, in hopes of standardizing field sobriety tests so that it would be more simple to admit such tests into court, joined up with the Southern California Research Institute to test [...]

A brief history of the standardization of field sobriety tests2016-08-26T00:00:00+00:00

Understanding rare diseases

According to statistics, around one in every 10 to 12 people in New York and across the United States are living with a rare disease. In the U.S., a rare disease is defined as any condition that affects less than 200,000 people. The European Union considers a disease to be rare if it affects 250,000 people or less.There are more than 6,000 rare diseases on record. Unfortunately, these conditions are often misdiagnosed because a doctor may not be familiar with the symptoms. Even in cases where a correct diagnosis is made, a doctor may be unfamiliar with the proper treatments for the condition. Many rare diseases have no known cures and few treatment options.Some rare conditions can be treated by orphan drugsNew York residents who have suffered a worsened condition [...]

Understanding rare diseases2016-08-23T00:00:00+00:00

What are some common defenses to assault charges?

Sometimes when a disagreement occurs between two people in New City, things can become volatile, with threats and accusations being thrown around. Nevertheless, assault charges in New York are no laughing matter. In fact, first-degree assault is a felony in New York, meaning there are serious consequences, including the possibility of incarceration and significant fines, for those convicted of this crime. However, what if you feel your actions were justified? Are there any defenses to charges of assault?In general, there are some defenses to charges of assault. What defenses are available depend on the facts of your case and state law, so it is always important to work with an attorney when preparing your defense. Nevertheless, one can focus on two common defenses to assault: self-defense and defense of others.One [...]

What are some common defenses to assault charges?2016-08-18T00:00:00+00:00

Patients with this collagen disorder are often misdiagnosed

Most people in New York probably haven't heard of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. That may be because EDS exhibits symptoms that are similar to other, more common disorders. In fact, those with EDS are often misdiagnosed with a variety of conditions such as chronic fatigue syndrome, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, arthritis and even hypochondria. The average EDS patient receives an accurate diagnosis 20 years after they begin to show symptoms.EDS is a connective tissue disorder that affects the way a patient's body makes collagen. Making up 30 percent of the body, collagen is a vital part of the bones, skin, blood vessels, muscles, brain, tendons and cartilage. When EDS alters a person's collagen production, the person may experience symptoms in all different parts of their body. The apparent randomness of the symptoms [...]

Patients with this collagen disorder are often misdiagnosed2016-08-17T00:00:00+00:00

Even traffic infractions deserve a strong criminal defense

Even the best of drivers in New York make mistakes from time to time. We might unwittingly drive above the posted speed limit, fail to notice a stop sign or traffic signal or fail to use our blinkers when making a turn. Even if these actions do not result in an accident, police will still pull over and ticket those who commit such infractions, even if they did not mean to.However, a series of careless or reckless driving tickets or speeding tickets could lead to the loss of your driver's license. This is when it's important to have legal help. Dedicated attorneys, such as those at Braunfotel & Frendel, LLC, understand that the loss of your driver's license can quickly snowball into further negative repercussions. Without a license, how will [...]

Even traffic infractions deserve a strong criminal defense2016-08-11T00:00:00+00:00

Mesothelioma often misdiagnosed as other forms of lung cancer

Specialists from New York University's Langone Medical Center contributed to research that achieved a promising breakthrough that could improve the diagnosis of mesothelioma. The research team identified a protein, BAP1, that could be used to distinguish mesothelioma from lung cancer.The researchers looked at 45 tissue samples of non-small cell lung cancer and 35 samples of pleural mesothelioma. Lab tests of every lung cancer tumor revealed a normal level of BAP1. In the pleural mesothelioma tumor cells, however, over half of them lacked the presence of BAP1.The lead researcher said that testing for BAP1 should become part of the protocol for testing potential lung cancer samples. He said that in the United States at least 10 percent of people with a lung cancer diagnosis have been misdiagnosed because their medical caregivers [...]

Mesothelioma often misdiagnosed as other forms of lung cancer2016-08-08T00:00:00+00:00

The stakes are raised when commercial drivers are accused of DUI

Commercial vehicles, such as semi-trucks and buses, traverse the roads of New York on a daily basis, and in fact, are an essential part of commerce in the state and nationwide. However, per law, these drivers are held to a different standard of care with regards to drunk driving than are non-commercial drivers of standard motor vehicles.Most of the states in the nation, including New York, set the blood alcohol content level for commercial drivers at 0.04 percent. Keep in mind that the legal limit for drivers of non-commercial vehicles is twice that, at 0.08 percent. Moreover, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration has adopted rules that state that commercial drivers cannot drive their vehicles within four hours of consuming an alcoholic beverage.Moreover, operators of commercial vehicles may be required [...]

The stakes are raised when commercial drivers are accused of DUI2016-08-04T00:00:00+00:00

Taking premises liability seriously

A shopper in a New York store who slips and falls on a wet surface or is hurt by falling merchandise could pursue a premises liability lawsuit. However, a business owner can take many steps to create a culture of safety and reduce the odds that anyone is hurt because of owner negligence. It is important to note that a company is not always responsible when an individual is hurt on its premises.For instance, a person who slips on an icy sidewalk or a wet floor would have to prove that the company did nothing to mitigate the situation. If salt is put on the sidewalk or a wet floor sign in place, that may relieve the owner from liability. Furthermore, customers and others who may pursue a lawsuit are [...]

Taking premises liability seriously2016-08-03T00:00:00+00:00
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